What to Expect in the First Trimester

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Congratulations…..you are pregnant!

“Whether your pregnancy was meticulously planned, medically coaxed, or happened by surprise, the thing is certain – Your life will never be the same again” (Catherine Jones)

However it is this new life came to be, the same fears plague most woman. Fear of the unknown, insecurities and worries about bodily changes taunt every newly pregnant woman

Knowing what physical and emotional changes will happen in the coming months can ease some of the anxiety around these changes.

Nausea

As a result of hormone changes 90% of woman will experience  nausea throughout their first trimester, 33% will vomit!!! Lets face it they are bad odds to begin with. Morning sickness, or for most, all day sickness can strike from three weeks pregnant and can continue through the whole pregnancy.

There is some good news…for most woman will this ease after the three month mark

A heightened sense of smell may exacerbate the sickness as well as strong tasting foods. It’s believed that this evolutionary adaptation is to protect the fetus against bad foods. Hence the sickness can often worsen after eating meat, strong tasting vegetables and bitter food.

Try to eat small healthy, easy to digest meals often, avoid foods that make you feel ill and most importantly keep your fluids up

Contact your healthcare provider if nausea or vomiting is severe.

 

Fatigue

Fatigue ranks as one of the highest first trimmest symptoms.

During early pregnancy, levels of the hormone progesterone soar — which can put you to sleep.

You can’t really fight this fatigue, so rest as much as you can. Make sure you’re getting enough iron and protein. Include physical activity, such as a brisk walk, in your daily routine.

 

Bleeding

About 25% of pregnant women experience slight bleeding during their first trimester.

Early in the pregnancy, light spotting may be a sign that the fertilized embryo has implanted in the uterus. However, if you have significant bleeding, cramping, or sharp pain in your abdomen, call your doctor

 

Constipation

Due to the higher levels of progesterone in your system during pregnancy you may fine yourself facing the Big C – Constipation! This is caused due to the slowing movement of food through your intestines and bowl. The slowing allows for your body to draw as much nutrients as it can from your food before it is expelled from your body.

However as a result you can feel bloated, constipation and extra gas! Keep your fluid intake high and make sure you are getting lots of fibre in your diet, Again easting small meals often will also help.

 

Weight gain

Pregnancy is one of the few times in a woman’s life when weight gain is considered a good thing, but don’t overdo it.

During the first trimester, you should gain about 3 to 6 pounds (your doctor may recommend that you adjust your weight gain up or down if you started your pregnancy underweight or overweight). Although you’re carrying an extra person, don’t go by the adage of “eating for two.” You only need about an extra 150 calories a day (approx. 5-6 Brazil nuts) during your first trimester.

So make sure you are getting your calories the healthy way, by adding extra fruit and vegetables,  milk, whole-grain bread, and lean protein to your diet.

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